Working Groups



The Legislation Working Group researches and advocates for the enactment of electoral legislation at the state and local levels to promote voting systems that are fully transparent, verifiable, and accountable to the citizens.

We will work to ban DRE voting machines and privatized, nondisclosed source code in the operation of any voting system, and for the institution of meaningful vote auditing and recount procedures effective in detecting and remediating electoral fraud.

To defend existing electronic voting systems against known vulnerabilities to fraud, we will advocate passage of legislation to institute mandatory, rigorous hand-count election auditing and verification procedures inclusive of all ballots cast, according to protocols adequate to assure detection of fraud with a high degree of precision and low margin of error across a full range of voting environments.

We will also pursue legislative implementation of secure computing practices on par with national defense requirements, including strict bans on interpreter code, prohibition of any modem or wireless communications connections to any voting system component, and the requirement that any data storage or memory media used to access voting records be read-only.

Our ultimate legislative goal, whenever and wherever possible, will be to establish precinct-based hand-counting of paper ballots as the mandatory standard for secure and verifiable elections.

Recognizing that the transition from present voting systems to an all hand-counted paper ballot system may require phased implementation, we will be prepared to advocate as an interim solution precinct-based, publicly owned and operated optical scan systems running oen-source, publicy reviewed software that produces a human-readable ballot image scan available for public verification.

Another method EDA advocates to prevent covert fraud resulting in illegitimate government, is  to implement a split-ballot counting protocol in which contests for federal and statewide elective office are hand-counted, with all other contests and issues counted by scanner.

We further will seek state constitutional amendments that declare every citizen's right to have their vote counted as cast; that include a voter's bill of rights enumerating the conditions necessary for free, fair, transparent and verifiable elections; and that promote full access and participation in the voting process.

Tom Courbat CA
Sherry Healy CA
Brent Turner CA
Carol Waser DC
Roy Lipscomb IL
Sally Castleman MA
Paul Lehto MI
Phil Lindsey MO
Nancy Tobi  NH
Stuart Hutchison NJ
Diana Finch NY
John Burik OH
Chris Lee PA
Tom Manaugh TX
Kathy Dopp UT
Ellen Stone WA
Bev Harris WA

GO TO THE FORUM (Forum access requires Working Group registration)

Media and Publicity

Description: Drawing on research and writing support from the Communications Working Group, Media and Publicity will cultivate extensive contacts in conventional and alternative media and be prepared to issue well-crafted press releases in quick response to news placement opportunities, consistently and frequently.

An initial high priority will be the engagement of a professional newswire service to augment our message placement capacity and quickly raise the profile of the EDA as a coordinating body for nationwide electoral integrity activism at the county level. Reaching the large proportion of the population that derives most of its information from corporate news media presents a particular challenge, since corporate media have behaved as though complicit in electoral corruption with motive to maintain a coverup.

The Alliance media effort must therefore become adept at maneuvering conventional corporate media despite its resistance to our message, while expertly applying popular communications media that are still relatively free of corporate control, to deliver unfiltered information directly to the public.

The Media and Publicity Working Group will develop expertise and effective innovations in the use of websites, weblogs, e-mail newsletters, instant messaging, alternative print publications and independent film, video, and radio to reach the expanding proportion of the population that derives most of its news from these sources and on the whole is more receptive to the electoral integrity message.

Rather than reacting only in response to events outside our control, Media and Publicity will collaborate with Events Production in arranging provocative public demonstrations to drive and frame constructive mass media coverage of electoral integrity issues.

Media and Publicity will also organize and promote an Election Defense Alliance Speakers Bureau of articulate organizers, investigators, and authors who will reach the public via live appearances and radio interviews.

In special circumstance and as financial resources permit, the judicious use of paid advertising may be part of Alliance publicity strategy; but in general our emphasis will be on low-cost, direct-access forms of noncorporate mass communications to project our message directly, and so oblige corporate media to respond to the informational demand we develop.

Dave Larson IL
Victoria Hayen MN
Dorrie Steinhoff OH
Dan Ashby CA
John Burik OH
Linda Silva PA
Michael Collins VA
Joanna Herlihy MA
Melissa Jenkins   CA

Public Education


Restoring transparency and public accountability to our election systems of necessity begins with informing citizens about the unacceptable risks of secret, privatized voting systems, and motivating them to demand transparency and public accountability from local elections officials.

The Public Education Working Group will utilize all available means of educational communication, including factsheets, flyers, and posters distributed at public events; articles, editorials, and letters published in local, regional, and national print and web publications; as well as visual and audio presentations conveyed by broadcast and distributable media (CDs, DVDs).

The Public Education Group will produce instructional materials for use by EDA, and will be available as a service bureau to help other regional groups develop educational materials and present them effectively.

Public Education members will collaborate extensively with other Working Groups such as Communications and Public Events, drawing on their expertise in research, production, and presentation--but their own special strengths will be knowledge of effective instructional approaches and their enthusiasm for teaching.

Public Education will also have an important role to play in collaboration with the Media and Publicity Group in preparing print and broadcast information campaigns to reach mass audiences.


Dennis Karius     NY
Richard Bozian   OH
Marj Creech       OH
Bev Donley        TX
Marinel Fuller     CA
Victoria Hayen   MN
Carol Waser      DC
Mark E. Smith   CA
Patricia McCoy   WA
Norma Harrison CA
Debra Porta       OR
Pamela Smith    MO
Mary Lawrence   FL

GO TO THE FORUM (Forum access requires Working Group registration)

Organizational Liaison


At local, regional, and national levels, Election Defense Alliance will seek to inform, persuade, and engage other civic organizations of every variety (civil rights, education, labor, etc.) in the common project of restoring electoral democracy and legitimate, representative government.

Group members will identify, research, and contact other organized public interest constituencies to explain why, no matter what their particular cause or issue, election integrity reforms and fair elections are in everyone's best interests. Group members will work to develop cross-organizational informational exchanges, issue coalitions, and joint projects with other organizations, and will invite members of those organizations to participate in EDA Working Groups and the Coordinating Council as members-at-large.

Organizational liaison involves extensive research, correspondence, phone calls, and personal and institutional meetings and negotiations.  Contacts, referrals, resources, and methods for organizational coalition-building will be shared with regional, state, and county-level election integrity groups around the country.


Joan Kowal MI
Dan Ashby CA
Dennis Karius NY
Sharianne Greer CA
Melissa Jenkins   CA


GO TO THE FORUM (Forum access requires Working Group registration)

Registration and Voting Systems


The Registration and Voting Systems Working Group specializes in learning about the different E-voting vendors and their voting machines and related products, including voter registration database software and service; non-computerized voter assistance technology and hand-counted paper ballot voting systems; and the state and federal election laws and voting system certification standards that are supposed to regulate their use.

Correlating what is known about the hacking vulnerabilities of the voting systems, security measures that should be applied, and better alternatives to electronic vote counting, the Registration and Voting Systems Working Group will collaborate with regional election integrity groups in advising and influencing election administrators and elected county officials to avoid costly investments in insecure voting systems and institute election methods that afford accuracy and full public accountability.

Group members will research E-voting systems, and assist other EDA Working Groups in preparing public communications  concerning the dangers of electronic voting systems as well as the centralized voter registration databases, which increasingly are being outsourced to the same vendors that supply the voting systems.

The Systems Group will collect and distribute information
concerning best practices for securing voting systems (such as precinct-based counting and tabulation, and more rigorous manual auditing procedures) and better alternatives to electronic systems to election administrators, legislators, local election integrity organizations, and the general public.

Similar information will be distributed concerning risks and safeguards for centralized voter registration databases and alternative, con-computerized voter-assistive solutions that are HAVA compliant.

While working for precinct-based, hand-counted paper ballot elections as the end goal, Systems Group members will pursue intermediate solutions to ensure that, to the extent computerized voting systems are used, they are used in compliance with
meaningful security standards and public observation and information access rights under law.

: Dennis Karius  NY


Chandra Friese     CA
Fritzi Ross            CA
Page Day             WA
Jim Soper            CA
Linda Finkle          NY
Mary Lawrence     FL
Bob Wilson           IL
Dale Tavris           MD
Linda Silva           PA
Jim March            AZ
Sharianne Greer   CA

GO TO THE FORUM (Forum access requires Working Group registration)

Volunteer Recruitment and Training


Welcoming, orienting, and channeling citizen volunteers into effective action promoting election integrity is the charge of the Volunteer Recruitment and Training Group.  Group members will assist in recruiting and training volunteers for all of the EDA Working Groups,  and for EDA projects, including the provision of service assistance to regional election integrity groups.

Working with other EDA Groups such as Public Education and Election Monitoring, the EDA Volunteer Recruitment and Training Group will have primary responsibility for developing training programs to prepare volunteers for participation in exit polls, paper ballot hand-counts, election monitoring, and other special projects as they arise. 

Volunteer Group members will monitor the EDA General Volunteer, I-Count, and other EDA online volunteer signup pages to promptly respond to new volunteers, and assist them in designing a plan of individual action matching their interests and availability. Volunteers will also be encouraged to join one of the 13 specialized EDA Working Groups to collaborate in EDA projects,  learn best-practice methods from activists around the nation, and apply what they learn to the regional election integrity organizations they participate in locally. 

Through the EDA Working Groups, volunteers can develop individual and group expertise in a variety of subject content and skills necessary for a full-spectrum campaign to restore electoral integrity, such as monitoring elections, conducting citizen exit polls, analyzing election data,  publicity, fundraising, public education, volunteer recruitment, and outreach and liaison with other organizations and civic constituencies.

EDA recruitment methods include online signups in the EDA General Volunteer and I-Count registries; public education events, speaking engagements, online social networks, media interviews, information tabling, houseparties, and communication by telephone, e-mail and live interactive online conferencing.

The benefits of EDA volunteer training will be fully realized as EDA volunteers contribute their experience to county and state-based election integrity organizations, expanding the electoral integrity movement and its capabilities.

Acting Coordinator:
Sherry Healy CA


Eileen Wilkinson NY
Joanna Herlihy MA
Dan Ashby CA
GO TO THE FORUM (Forum access requires Working Group registration)

Election Day Rapid Response: A Six-Part Plan to Defend the Vote

Election Day Rapid Response Working Group

The EDRR Working Group is a "supra-group" composed of the coordinators of the Election Monitoring, Data Analysis, Communications, and Event Productions Working Groups, plus other subject specialists, who monitor electoral contests and coordinate deployment of EDRR field teams, collection of data, team communication, and publicity of findings in response to any election violations or indication of error or fraud detected in reported election results.

This EDRR Group is operational during biennial national elections (presidential and Congressional midterm) or for any other election of high strategic importance or that affords significant opportunity to test and apply EDDR tactics.

Election Defense Alliance has a coordinated, six-part plan for citizen direct action that may be applied to defending the vote in any election. The tactical components of the EDRR plan are:

1. Election Monitoring.

Teams of trained citizen observors will monitor polls and central counting centers to document and report violations of election law, including illegal obstruction of the public's right to observe the count, failure to publicly post precinct results, and violations of election security provisions. Monitor volunteers, contact Tom Courbat
Send announcements of planned monitoring operations by local election integrity groups,  to

Want to organize an election day demonstration in your own county?

Go to the county-level forums at to announce and organize an election day demonstration where you live and vote. All elections are local!

2. Pre-Emptive Legal Intervention
Election monitoring teams will be accompanied by lawyers with pre-prepared court orders to enforce compliance with election laws, including public right to observe the count, public posting of precinct results, and strict adherence to election security protocols which if breached, render the voting machines out of compliance and the election results suspect and unverifiable. Legal volunteers, contact Dan Ashby

3. Exit Polling
Citizen-commissioned exit polls can provide an independent check on the validity of reported election results. The most competitive House, Senate, and statewide contests are where the threat of covert election fraud is predictably the greatest. The cost of covering the most crucial races that will determine the composition of Congress, is about $400,000--a substantial but achievable sum considering the stakes. Please go to the Independent Exit Poll donation page and send contributions for exit polling.

4. Election Data Analysis
EDA will manage an election-day data analysis operation that compares historical voting data, voter opinion tracking polls, and citizen-commissioned exit polling data, to the officially reported election results from selected, highly competitive House, Senate, and statewide races.

The official election results will be processed through a battery of multiple analytic computer programs for rapid, real-time flagging of suspect patterns suggesting fraudulent manipulation of the official vote totals. Findings will be communicated via conventional press releases as well as the EDRR communications network of websites, Internet radio, and community access television networks.  Data Analysis volunteers: Contact Harold Lecar

5. Communications
Throughout election day and night, activity at polls and election counting centers will be thoroughly documented by teams of correspondents recording and uploading live video, audio, photo, and text reports via wireless communication devices (e.g., video-enabled cellphones) to EDA and other election integrity web portals, bypassing the corporate newsmedia to bring breaking news of voter suppression, obstruction, security breaches, and indications of electronic vote theft direct to the public, while it is happening. To participate in shaping net-mediated communication tactics, contact Dan Ashby.

Conventional press release and publicity methods will complement Net distribution. We need experienced publicists and newswriters. To help with print and radio promotion, contact Info[at]ElectionDefenseAlliance[dot]org

6. Demonstrations
Public demonstrations will be organized at central counting locations, commencing at the close of polls and continuing throughout election night and beyond, demanding verified proof of reported election results. The demonstrations will be covered live via web portals and public radio and TV networks, interspersed with updates from the Election Data Analysis project reporting suspect election totals and directing increased protest turnout to those locations. If you have experience organizing public demonstrations, or contacts with groups who do, please send message to Events[at]ElectionDefenseAlliance[dot]org

The above tactics in isolation are limited or useless, but in combination, they are powerful. Many other local, regional and national groups have independently developed similar or complementary plans to those listed above.

These efforts will have greatest effect if they are coordinated and focused to direct mass public attention to election obstruction and electronic fraud as it is happening.

The more volunteers and donated funds we have, the greater our chance of arresting electronic fraud and voter suppression.

We need:
Organizers, publicists, fundraisers, programmers, webmasters, video and radio correspondents, writers and graphic artists, event managers, MONEY, and hundreds of citizen patriots to volunteer for election day monitoring, communications, and demonstrations. Send inquiries and offers of assistance to Info[at]ElectionDefenseAlliance[dot]org and check the "Take Action" and "Projects" links and the EDRR Working Group forum on this website for forthcoming directions and updates.

Click here to display a one-page EDRR overview that can be downloaded and copied for wide public distribution.

Work Requests for the Working Groups

This page, listing general examples of "work to do" for the EDA Working Groups,
is an extension to the discussion begun in a 12.31.09 note to the Groups about setting New Year's Resolutions for 2010.

Data Analysis:
Participate in the planning and execution of exit polling operations; perfect methods for capturing polling and election results data and performing rapid analysis; in collaboration with Investigations group, analyze election reports for evidence of fraud; in collaboration with Communications group, prepare public reports on findings.

Help research, write, and illustrate content for the website,  EDA brochures, public info handouts, press releases, flyers, etc.  Monitor the press for election integrity news, select and shape it for output as EDA EI newsfeeds.
Provide skilled assistance in desktop publishing, graphic design, and audio and video recording and presentation.

Election Monitoring:
Develop election monitoring methodology and provide training; prepare evaluative reports on the performance of local electoral jurisdictions; collaborate with Investigations, Legal, and Data Analysis groups in devising EDRR strategy and tactics.

Events Production:
Assist in the production of press conferences and other public informational events, legislative lobbying visits, conferences, film showings, fundraising events, film showings, etc.  Arrange logistics and manage public demonstration events, such as marches, vigils, and emergency protest rallies.

Research grants, assist in preparation of project grant proposals; set up and maintain
a donor management system; communicate with donors; run year-round public fundraising campaigns.

Develop evidence gathering and forensic analysis methods, and provide training. Collaborate with Election Monitoring, Legal, and Data Analysis groups in formulating Election Day Rapid Response strategy and tactics.

Study and know state and federal laws applicable to voting and elections; in collaboration with Legislation group, propose needed revisions to state election codes; research, plan, and implement training in practical election integrity legal tactics.

Monitor proposed state and federal election reform bills; issue policy analyses and recommendations; assist in lobbying elected officials and in educating the public about pending bills; collaborate with Legal Group in proposing amendments to election codes and getting legislators to sponsor the bills.

Media and Publicity:
Organize and run an EDA speakers' bureau; write and circulate press releases; prepare podcasts; arrange press interviews; assemble and maintain an EDA press directory.

Organizational Liaison:
Identify, research, and contact other organized public interest constituencies (civil rights, education, labor, etc.)  to explain why election integrity reforms are in everyone's best interests, and request their collaboration. Work involves extensive website research, correspondence, phone calls, personal meetings, etc. Help arrange cross-organizational informational exchanges,  issue coalitions, joint projects, and recruit individual members to participate in EDA Working Groups and the Coordinating Council as members-at-large.

Public Education:
Research and produce EDA election integrity public education materials, of graduated complexity, from general introduction to very specific issue papers.  Collaborate with Events and Fundraising groups, on film showings, public speaking engagements, press conferences, radio call-ins, houseparties.

Registration and Voting Systems:
Monitor the online meeting notes, publications, and announcements of the EAC.
Become familiar with the machine models, software versions, and system architecture of each of the E-voting vendors.
Compile and maintain a reference collection of voting system examination reports (e.g. Everest, CA TBBR, U.Conn, Princeton, Hursti, etc.) and failure incidents reported in the press. Monitor and anticipate the voting machine industry's next moves into vertical end-to-end integration of registration and voting sysems, Internet voting, and crypotography, etc. while advocating means to increase transparency of current computerized voting systems, for example through parallel public counts utilizing human-readable ballot image scanning.

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